Top 5 Basic Fire Fighting Tips

Fire fighting has its own set of rules and regulations. This is why knowing the basics of fire fighting is crucial. These basic firefighting tips can be very useful at times where emergency situations arise. So before you get into action, have a look at these top 5 tips.

  1. Know your equipment.

A lot of people think that it’s enough to know how to fight fires; however, there are many other items that should not be overlooked. You need to know what each piece of equipment is used for, and be able to tell if it is damaged, faulty, and needs replacement. If you do not know what any item is used for then you will be less prepared, which means more time spent putting out the fire, and more damage to property or lives.

  1. Do not underestimate water.

Water is the single most important factor in extinguishing a fire. However, there are three types of water. The first type of water is plain old tap water. Tap water can be used to extinguish a small fire, but it is not very effective at putting out large fires. There is a second type of water, which is a commercial grade water. Commercial grade water (which is also referred to as engine-rated water) extinguishes smaller fires better than tap water does. But the biggest difference between the two types of water is their viscosity. Tap water is thicker than commercial grade water is and therefore is harder to spread across a larger area. The third type of water is high pressure water. High pressure water has a higher boiling point than ordinary water, meaning that it can penetrate cracks better. High pressure water is an excellent way to break up a grease fire or to stop a fire from spreading.

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There are several safety measures in place when using water. First, always make sure there is no water nearby that could cause harm. And while you are using water to put out a fire, never pour water on your hands or the ground. If you do, you risk getting injured by slipping in the puddles of water created. Finally, always wear protective clothing when using water. Even with all this precaution, you still may slip and fall.

  1. Breathe easy

One thing to keep in mind is that breathing is often the only function that we use during a fire. Make sure to breathe deeply, and take quick breaths. When breathing in, breathe into the center of your body, and when breathing out, exhale through your nose. Keeping your mouth closed can lead to smoke inhalation. Try to avoid making loud noises as you try to control the fire. Making noise can create confusion, which makes things worse.

4 . Wear the right gear

Another thing to remember about fires is to wear proper personal protective equipment (PPE). PPE includes everything from helmets to gloves to boots. When it comes to firefighting boots, some say that dress shoes or running shoes work perfectly fine. Other people swear by combat boots, because they provide protection from sharp tools or debris. Whatever you choose, be sure that it is comfortable, breathable, and durable. While you may not think that it matters, being extremely comfortable while putting out a fire adds to the experience, even if you don’t feel uncomfortable.

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  1. Use common sense

Finally, you want to use your common sense along with the rest of these tips. Remember that every situation is different so you have to adapt. In your role as firefighter, you must constantly rely on your instinct and your training to ensure that you succeed in whatever task that you are doing.

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